Encyclopedia of the Palestine Problem

CHAPTER SEVENTEEN — Part 3 of 6

13 AUGUST 1970
On the nights of 13 and 14 August no less than 20 houses were demolished in the occupied village of El Rafid.

28 AUGUST 1970
On 28 August 1970, Israeli jets raided the areas of Deir Alla and Khirbat Sbeera in the Jordan Valley from 0900 until 0930 hours, local time, using rockets and machine guns. As a result two civilians were killed and six people were wounded, including three soldiers.

Again, at 1330 hours, local time, the Israeli jets attacked the area of Deir Alla for more than ten minutes.

19 OCTOBER 1970
On 19 October 1970, they opened fire at 1415 local time on shepherds living east of El Kuneitra, killing one of them. They then took away 324 sheep and 81 goats.

13 DECEMBER 1970
On 13 December 1970, they completely bulldozed the two villages of Ain Aisha and Jwezeh.

28 DECEMBER 1970
Between the hours of 1 am and 6 am of Monday 28 December 1970, two helicopters of the Israeli Air Force landed in two successive operations a company of Israeli troops in the village of Yatir in Southern Lebanon.

The Israeli troops attacked the village killing an old Lebanese man in his sixties and a girl thirteen years old. Two other Lebanese civilians were wounded. Four houses were destroyed and twenty-two others were damaged.

14 JANUARY 1971
Before midnight of Thursday, 14 January 1971 and early Friday, 15 January 197 1, five Israeli helicopters landed armed units in the Lebanese coastal village of Sarafand situated forty-three kilometres north of the Lebanese-Israeli border and fifteen kilometres south of the town of Saida. As a result of the Israeli aggressive action undertaken in the village, two Lebanese civilians were wounded, one house was destroyed, and two other houses were damaged.

1 FEBRUARY 1971
After midnight, Monday, 1 February 1971, an Israeli patrol crossed the Lebanese border to the village of Al Khyam and opened fire on the village. At the same time, another Israeli patrol crossed the border to the village of Kafr Kala. It blew up two houses and abducted to the Israeli territory two civilians, who were released the following day.

16 FEBRUARY 1971
On 16 February 197 1, the Israeli occupying authorities bulldozed all new houses at El Kuneitra City and pulled out the doors and windows of big buildings in that city, including those of the military hospital of the Golan.

11 MARCH 1971
On 11 March 197 1, two Israeli bulldozers razed to the ground all houses north of the military hospital in the occupied city El Kuneitra.

18 MARCH 1971
On 18 March 197 1, twelve persons were expelled through Wadi Araba, south of the Dead Sea.

5 APRIL 1971
At 1 am local time, Monday, 5 april 1971, an Israeli patrol crossed the Lebanese border to the village of Duhayra in the region of Sour and blew up three houses. At 2 am local time, another Israeli patrol crossed the Lebanese border to the village of Maiss ej Jabal in the region of Marjayoun and blew up three houses and destroyed property.

20 APRIL 1971
On 20 April 1971, sixteen persons were deported through Ghor Es Safi.

4 JUNE 1971
On 4 June 197 1 at 1400 hours, Israeli armed forces crossed the Lebanese border and blew up one house in the village of Yaroun.

5 JUNE 1971
On 5 June at 2400 hours, Israeli armed forces shelled the village of Ramya with mortars, killing one civilian.

7 JUNE 1971
On June 7 1971, at 2350 hours, Israeli forces crossed the Lebanese border and blew up two houses and one car in the village of Ramya.

17 JUNE 1971
On 17 June 1971, at 2330 hours, (Israeli forces) fired at the villages of Albustan and Alzalluta from the heights of Almanarah: two houses were damaged. On the same day they fired at the village of Yaroun and at its military post at 2015 hours.

20 JUNE 1971
On 20 June at 0720 hours, they fired at the valley of Alsalhani, shelled the valley with artillery at 0730 hours, crossed the border to the valley at 0840 hours and at 1630 hours fired at the village of Mazra'ah Alsalhani, killing a number of herds.

21 JUNE 1971
On Monday, 21 June 197 1, at 1 am, Israeli forces crossed into Lebanese territory and reached the village of Yaroun. They made the villagers leave their homes and then destroyed five houses.

9 AUGUST 1971
On Monday, 9 August 1971, between the hours of 0700 and 1000, Israeli artillery shelled intermittently the heights and valleys surrounding the villages of Hebbariye and Rashaya Al Fakhar and their outskirts, in the region of Hasbaya.

2 SEPTEMBER 1971
On 2 September 1971, an Israeli armed force penetrated five kilometres into Lebanese territory in the direction of the village of Kfar Hamam in the southeastern part of Lebanon.

At the same time, Israeli artillery shelled the areas surrounding the villages of Kfar Hamam and Rashaya Al Fakhar for 15 minutes from points beyond the Lebanese borders. The Israeli force withdrew at 17:30 pm.

From 13:30 pm to 17: 30 pm, the Israeli artillery renewed its shelling of the same areas and Israeli forces took two Lebanese civilians from Kfar Hamam captive. Six houses were destroyed and extensive damage was incurred upon the crops.

18 SEPTEMBER 1971
On Sunday, 18 September 197 1, at 2 am, Israeli forces directed large calibre machine gun fire at the village of Ramia, in the south eastern part of Lebanon, causing the death of two civilians, a farmer and his wife. On the same day, a Lebanese civilian from the village of Ramia was abducted by the Israeli forces.

11 JANUARY 1972
On Tuesday, 11 January 1972, at 1 am, more than 100 Israeli soldiers penetrated into Lebanese territory as far as the village of Kfar Hamam where they proceeded to destroy two houses. At the same time, Israeli artillery shelled the village of Rachayya al Fakhar, killing one Lebanese woman, wounding her husband and destroying three houses.

13 JANUARY 1972
During the night of 13 to 14 January 1972, a detachment of Israeli commandos entered the village of Kafra, which is located nine kilometres within Lebanese territory. They attacked the village with mortar shells, destroyed four houses and then withdrew.

17 APRIL 1972
The United Press International news agency reported from Tel Aviv on Tuesday, 18 April 1972, that an Israeli military communique said that Israeli troops had fired on Egyptian prisoners of war on Tuesday night killing one of them. The communique also said, according to the UP1 report, that troops had fired into the prisoners and that one of the prisoners had been shot in the head and had later died of his wounds.

21 JUNE 1972
On June 21 1972 while five Syrian officers were paying an ordinary visit to colleagues in the Lebanese army they were ambushed and abducted inside the territory of Lebanon by an Israeli military force with tanks and arrnoured vehicles.

23 JUNE 1972
On 23 June 1972, at 1647 hours, two Israeli forces jet aircraft flying north-north-east to south-south-west were observed south-south-west of OP and recrossed the armistice demarcation line south-south-west of OP.

Also, on 23 June 1972 four Israeli Forces Phantoms had dropped five bombs on Dir el Assyr, causing the following casualties and damage: 10 killed, 12 wounded and four houses destroyed.

Also, between 1135 and 1150 four Israel forces jet aircraft (Phantom) attacked with bombs the Lebanese region of Dir el Assayr causing the death of 20 Lebanese civilians, injuring 18 others and damaging 25 houses.

6 SEPTEMBER 1972
At 5:45 am Beirut local time, 6 September 1972, Israeli armed forces launched a massive land and air attack against southern Lebanon. The land forces were composed of two infantry and armoured brigades, which penetrated to a depth of about 25 kilometres inside Lebanese territory.

Twenty-four Israeli airplanes participated in the initial assault followed by subsequent waves of Israeli bombers.

The invading forces followed two axes, the first based on Adayseh, Al Taybeh, and Al Qantara, and the second on Bint Jbail, Aynata, Beit Yahum, Tibnin, and Majdal Selm. From these towns, the Israeli forces panned in different directions. Lebanese military positions in Al Taybeh, Al Qantara, near the bridge of Al Khardaleh and at Tal Loubieh, were both bombed from the air and attacked by the land forces. Over 15 towns and villages were also bombed and attacked. A camp of Palestinian refugees in the vicinity of Al Nabatiyeh, was bombed. The Israeli air force used napalm bombs on localities I on Mount Al Jarmak. The Lebanese armed forces engaged the invading Israeli forces. The preliminary reports indicate that 61 Lebanese soldiers were either killed or wounded. Lebanese military equipment was either destroyed or heavily damaged. The bridge of Al Khardaleh on the Litani River was destroyed. The bridge of Qaqaiyeh was severely damaged. Many roads in the invaded areas were blown up.

8 SEPTEMBER 1972
Between 5 and 5:30 pm today, 8 September 1972, 24 I Israeli military aircraft carried out a raid against the communities of Rachayya el Wadi, al Rafid and Mukhayyam Nahr el Bared, in Lebanese territory. The above mentioned communities were indiscriminately bombarded with rockets and strafed by the aircraft.

Preliminary information gathered following this act of aggression fixes the losses at: (a) Twelve Lebanese (Palestinian) civilians killed, including 10 children, one man and one woman. Seven brothers and sisters were among the children; (b) Thirty four Lebanese (Palestinian) civilians wounded, among them 15 children. The age of the children ranged between 8 and 15 years; (c) Two Lebanese civilians reported missing. One of the two is the father of the seven brothers and sisters who were killed.

15 OCTOBER 1972
On Sunday, 15 October 1972, between 3.45 and 4.15 p.m., Israeli aircraft bombed four places in Lebanon: Bakifa, in the south-eastern region; the Nahr-Sainik region to the south of Sidon; Bourghoulye to the south of the river Kasmiyye; and Deir Ashayer, in the south-east near the Lebanese-Syrian border. Three Lebanese civilians were seriously wounded. Several Palestinians were killed and many were wounded. Dwellings suffered severe damage, Telephone, electricity and water systems were damaged, particularly in the Mediterranean region of Tyre and Sidon.

30 OCTOBER 1972
On 30 October, Israeli air squadrons bombed four residential areas - namely, Duma, Tall, Ain-Suchna and Harane - situated on the north-east edge of the capital, Damascus. There were many casualties, including a number of women and children.

21 NOVEMBER 1972
On 21 November, the Israeli air force carried out a number of raids against the villages of Nawa, Hara and Kalaat-Bani- Maarouf. It destroyed one mosque, two schools and many houses and killed 10 civilians and wounded 13 more, including women and children.

27 DECEMBER 1972
On 27 December, Israeli aircraft carried out a raid in the southern part of Syria, killing a number of civilians.

31 DECEMBER 1972
On 3 1 December, the Israeli air force attacked a civilian area in the central region of Syria and inflicted a number of civilian casualties, including women and children.

8 JANUARY 1973
Inquiry by United Nations military observers took place on 10 January from 0800 to 1400 hours. In the Lebanese localities visited the United States military observers heard witnesses and examined the evidence presented to them.

1. Daal
(a) Summary of statements by witnesses: Witnesses stated that on 8 January at 0700 aircraft made attacks, dropping up to 40 rockets or bombs, and that well over 80 civilians (men, women and children) were killed.

(b) Description of physical evidence examined: Over 20 houses were completely destroyed. During the course of the inquiry one elderly woman was being buried and the bodies of 3 children were dug out of the debris. There were many fresh graves and mass graves allegedly containing 69 civilians. Eight large craters were seen in and close to the main housing area. Roadways and telephone lines were badly damaged. There was no evidence of any military or paramilitary installations or personnel in the area.

2. Tafass
(a) Summary of statements by witnesses: A witness stated that on 8 January at 1430 aircraft attacked the village, including the school, many times and that 30 civilians were killed and more than 50 were wounded.

(b) Description of physical evidence examined: A school was heavily damaged. The United Nations military observers saw four rocket craters immediately adjacent to the school and several craters further away. Some mud buildings near the school were destroyed, evidently by rockets. An army-type barracks building within the village, allegedly occupied by civilian local defence forces, showed evidence of bombing or rocket attack. The main roadway and telephone lines were badly damaged.

3. Mzairib
(a) Summary of statements by witnesses: A witness stated that on 8 January at 0750 aircraft attacked the village and between 30 and 40 bombs and rockets were dropped and that 6 civilians were killed and 10 wounded. (b) Description of physical evidence examined:

A store and a house were completely destroyed. Several other houses showed evidence of damage. The main roadway was impassable due to cratering. A number of non-regular military personnel and several military vehicles were seen in the area.

11 FEBRUARY 1973
In the holiest Moslem shrine in occupied Jerusalem, for which the Israeli authorities are directly responsible, on 11 February 1973, one of the major interior walls of the Mosque collapsed. This wall, which is over two metres wide and situated at the southeastern side of the Mosque, separates the Mosque of Omar from the Tomb of the Forty (Maqam Al-Arbaeen). It was in this same spot nearly four years ago, in August 1969, that certain perpetrators deliberately set fire to the Al Aqsa Mosque in a suspicious set of circumstances causing substantial damage to this holiest of Islamic shrines.

21 FEBRUARY 1973
At 1 a.m. Beirut local time on Wednesday 21 February 1973, Israeli terrorist armed bands landed at Badawi, north of Tripoli (northern Lebanon); they attacked a Palestinian refugee camp and blew up several houses. At 2 a.m. on the same day, similar terrorist armed bands landed further north between Alabdeh and Nahr Al Bared (northern Lebanon); they too attacked a Palestinian refugee camp and blew up several houses. It was established that these terrorists groups belonged to the Israeli armed forces. They were landed on the shores near Badawi and Alabdeh from naval crafts and were later withdrawn by Israeli helicopters. Preliminary reports indicate that as a result of those criminal attacks 17 persons were killed and 10 injured in the refugee camp of Nahr Al Bared, and 13 killed and 10 injured in the camp of Al Badawi. Search operations are still proceeding among the rubble for possible other victims. At the Nahr Al Bared refugee camp, five houses were destroyed, one of which is a building of the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East. Four other houses were destroyed at the Badawi camp, including a workshop belonging to the families of the victims. Several cars were also destroyed.

21 FEBRUARY 1973
On 21 February 1973, a Libyan airliner proceeding on a scheduled flight from Benghazi to Cairo deviated from its original course owing to navigational difficulties as well as to bad weather conditions. The airliner, therefore, accidentally overflew the occupied Egyptian territory of Sinai. Thereupon the civil aircraft was intercepted by four Israeli fighters and, in spite of the fact that the aircraft was unmistakably civilian, the Israeli fighters, upon direct instructions, cleared with the highest authorities in Israel, treacherously and without warning attacked the airliner with cannon fire and missiles while it was heading west. This flagrant premeditated and barbaric act of aggression resulted in the crash of the civil aircraft and caused the death of 106 helpless and defenceless victims.

9 MARCH 1973
On 9 March 1973, the Israeli occupation authorities killed three Palestinians who happened to be in a house belonging to Mr. Rashed Musmar in the Gaza strip. The names of those killed are, Mohammed El Assouad, Kamal Abdel Aziz Hanoun and Abdel Hadi Ibrahim Hayek. On 11 March, the Israeli occupation authorities blew up Mr. Busmar7s house. The occupying forces had killed three civilians and arrested 20 others in the Gaza strip.

9/10 APRIL 1973
During the night of 9 to 10 April Israel forces attacked and destroyed several civilian houses in Beirut and a gasoline station in Saida. Several persons killed and wounded and damaged material were observed. During the same night Israel forces jet aircraft and helicopters overflew Lebanese territory along the coast from Naqoura to Beirut.

10 APRIL 1973
At 1 a.m., 10 April 1973, Israeli naval units landed on the shores of El-Ouzai in the southern outskirts of Beirut, capital of Lebanon, a squad of Israeli terrorists numbering about 35 persons.

Israel has clearly admitted and widely publicized the fact that units of her armed forces mounted an operation in Lebanon. The raiders were disguised in civilian clothing. It has become evident that agents, hitherto unknown, parked civilian cars bearing Lebanese registration plates in the vicinity of the landing area, to be used by the invading party.

The Israeli marauders drove away in the cars towards predetermined objectives. One group went to Rue Verdun, a peaceful residential area in Beirut. They burst into one apartment building with their guns blazing and murdered, gangster style, Mr. Yussef El-Najjar, known as Abou-Yussef, and his wife, who attempted to shield him from the attackers. Mr. El-Najjar was a member of the executive committee of the Palestinian Liberation Organization. In the same building, they attacked the apartment of Mr. Kamal Nasser, a poet and intellectual who acted as the spokesman for the Palestinian Liberation Organization, and assassinated him, also in a coldblooded fashion.

The raiders attacked another apartment in the vicinity where they likewise murdered Mr. Kamal Adwan, another Palestinian leader. An Italian lady living in that area was killed. A force of the Lebanese police rushed to the scene and was immediately met with a hail of fire from the attackers. Two of the policemen were killed and nine were wounded. An army officer living in the vicinity who came out to find out what was happening was also shot by the attackers and wounded.

Another group of Israelis attacked and blew up a building in the street of El-Fikany, while another attacked and blew up a garage belonging to a Palestinian which was situated in the I northern district of Beirut, called Al-Dawrah.

In the area of El-Ouzai, they blew up a building where two Lebanese civilians and three Syrian labourers were killed. Another Israeli murder-squad landed near Sidon, south of Beirut, and attacked a garage which the Israelis later claimed belonged to the Palestinian Organization of Al-Fatah.

As a result of these criminal operations, 12 people were killed: 2 Lebanese policemen, 2 Lebanese civilians, 3 Syrian labourers, 4 Palestinians and an Italian woman; 29 persons, all Lebanese, were wounded.

9 JUNE 1973
On 9 June between 0850 and 0910 two Israel forces soldiers penetrated to a distance of approximately 200 metres into Lebanese territory in the vicinity of Birket El Naccar and forcibly took to Israel-occupied territory a Lebanese named Khalil Abdallah Zahra, a resident of the village of Chebaa./ep

7 JULY 1973
On 7 July between 1325 and 1335 an Israel Forces patrol boat captured five Lebanese fishermen in Lebanese territorial waters very close to the coast.

10 AUGUST 1973
On Friday, 10 August 1973, at 9:45 p.m., Baghdad local time, a Middle East Airlines Caravelle chartered by Iraqi Airways was intercepted by two Israeli military aircraft upon take-off from Beirut International Airport on a scheduled flight to Baghdad, and forced to land at an Israeli military base. There were 83 persons of different nationalities on board, including seven crew-members. The passengers and crew were forced at gunpoint to leave the hijacked airliner after it landed at the Israeli military airfield, were manhandled and subjected to hours of interrogation and detention.

15 AUGUST 1973
15 August between 0630 and 0700 an Israel forces patrol penetrated 500 metres into Lebanese territory in the region of Chebaa and abducted a Lebanese shepard.

8 SEPTEMBER 1973
8 September between 0700 and 1000 one Israel forces patrol boat penetrated Lebanese territorial waters to a distance of approximately one Kilometre off Naqoura and fired on a Lebanese fishing boat, forcing it towards Israel. At 1000 on the same day the Lebanese boat and crew were released and returned to Lebanese waters.

9 OCTOBER 1973
The Israeli Air Force today invaded Lebanon's air space and bombed and destroyed the radar installation situated on the Barouk mountain in central Lebanon, 18 miles east of Beirut. Nine Lebanese soldiers manning the installations were wounded. The radar station was in effect inoperative and under repair.

20/21 OCTOBER 1973
During the night of 20 to 21 October several rounds of mortar fire coming from Israel territory fell in Lebanese regions of Kfar Kela, Ramiye and Markaba causing severe damage to four civilian houses and destroying one hut.

24 OCTOBER 1973
On 24 October between 1435 and 1500 several rounds of mortar and artillery fire coming from Israel territory fell on the Lebanese villages of Aadeisse, Yaroun, Marouhaine, Tair Harfa and Rachaiya El Foukhar. Casualties and damage to material were reported.

24 OCTOBER 1973
Israeli armed forces captured, on 21, 22, 23 and 24 October 1973,44 civilians from the governorates of Suez and Ismailia, in their fields, in their homes or on the Suez-Cairo road. These civilians were transferred to a camp used by the Israeli authorities to assemble captive civilians. The young people were then moved to the eastern bank of the Suez Canal where they were confined in prisons in Sinai and Gaza . Some of these were returned to the west bank of the Canal on 30 October. The Israeli forces searched the confined civilians, seized their personal belongings, identification papers, land property leases and agricultural contracts. The Israeli forces further exhibited the confined civilians to press correspondents and photographers, alleging that they were Egyptian soldiers.

24/26 OCTOBER 1973
On 24, 25 and 26 October, the Israeli forces imprisoned 11 police-firemen at the fire department of the fertilizer plant, at the police station of this plant, at the Ataqa police division of the Suez Governorate and at the Ismailia police centre. These firemen were released on 31 October 1973, in the vicinity of an Egyptian military unit, after their identification cards and personal belongings had been confiscated. The Israeli armed forces captured all the personnel of the police unit, totalling 23 policemen and sergeants, stationed at the fertilizer plant. Some of the police personnel are still detained by the Israeli armed forces.

25 OCTOBER 1973
On 25 October between 0745 and 0815 several rounds of mortar fire coming from Israel territory fell on the Lebanese regions of Hanine and Abou Chach. Casualties and damage were reported. On 25 October between 0930 and 1 130 several rounds of mortar and artillery fire coming from Israel territory fell on the Lebanese regions of Bent Jbail, Tiri, and Ain Ebel. Casualties and damage were reported.

25 OCTOBER 1973
On the afternoon of 25 October Israel forces opened fire on the Greek oil tanker Mimismids in Mat Sidi Asadat south of Suez. The tanker caught fire. This incident took place during the time of the cease-fire and the ship was sailing under a neutral flag.

27 OCTOBER 1973
Forcing Syrian prisoners of war to march ahead of the Israeli forces attacking Mount Hermon, in order to guide them through minefields, thus exposing the Syrian prisoners of war to death, as the explosion of mines would kill them first. This information was relayed by the special correspondent of a French daily, Le Monde, on 27 October 1973, as testified by an Israeli soldier who took part in this attack. The least that could be said about this despicable act is that it is indescribable in its inhumanity.

30 OCTOBER 1973
On 30 October 1973, the Israeli military forces expelled the civilian population from the towns and villages of Goneifa, Fayed, Kebrit, Abu Sultan, Ein Ussim and Serapium; arrested 600 civilians and put them in a camp in Abu Sultan; fired at the livestock in that whole area; destroyed the shopping centres in Fayed and Fanara.

3 NOVEMBER 1973
On 3 November, Israel troops rounded up the inhabitants of the villages of El-Ganein and Amer in the governorate of Suez, 298 persons in all, blindfolded them and forced them to evacuate their homes and fields and move to the nearest Egyptian military position.

18 NOVEMBER 1973
On 18 November between 1030 and 1140 several rounds of mortar and artillery fire were fired from Israel territory and fell in the Lebanese regions of Chebaa, Hasbaiya and Khalouet Bayada. Casualties and material damage were reported.

21 NOVEMBER 1973
Between 0900 and 1030 a herd of goats belonging to a Lebanese citizen while at 1.5 kilometres south-east of Kfar Chouba was fired at by automatic weapon fire coming from Israel territory, which caused the death of 50 goats. Between 1650 and 1720 several mortar rounds coming from Israel territory fell in the Lebanese region of Rachaya El Foukhar. Material damage was reported.

22 NOVEMBER 1973
On 22 November, at 1110 hours local time, Israeli forces fired two artillery shells in the direction of the Chairman of the Israeli-Syrian Mixed Armistice Commission (ISMAC), Colonel Svenson, who was at the time accompanied by the Chairman of the Syrian delegation to ISMAC. This incident took place while the party was looking for a place to establish a United Nations observation post west of the village of Maghar El-Mir. One of the artillery shells landed approximately 100 metres from the party. This was the third time that personnel from UNTSO were exposed to Israeli fire while performing their duty, and this has happened despite the fact that UNTSO officers use cars that carry the United Nations flag and the United Nations emblem, which are clearly visible.

8 MARCH 1974
On 8 March between 1800 and 1830 artillery fire from Israel territory fell in the vicinity of El Majidiye, Rachaiya El Foukhar, El Hebbariye, El Fardis, Kfar Chouba, and Ghandouriye, causing injury to a Lebanese woman. Thirty goats were killed and material damage was reported.

12 MARCH 1974
On 12 March 1974, the Chairman of the Supreme Muslim Council in Jerusalem, Sheikh Al Muhtasib, sent a telegram to the occupation authorities which read as follows:

"A serious crack has occurred in the building of the historical Jawhariyah School which is situated at the western side of Al-Haram Al-Sharif as a result of the excavations which [the Israeli occupation authorities] have been undertaking underneath the building. We had warned earlier of the consequences of the excavation conducted by the Israeli Ministry of Religious Affairs in the Holy City of Jerusalem. We demand an immediate halt to these destructive excavations, and repair for the structure of the historical Jawhariyah School, and the restoration of the character and construction of the area below and around these structures ..."

These illegal excavations in and around Al-Haram Al- Sharif area, which stretches from Bab Alsilsilah, the main gate of Al-Haram Al-Sharif, to Bab Al-Nathir, could ultimately cause the collapse and the destruction of several religious and historical buildings, including four mosques and five old and famous gates of Al-Haram Al-Sharif. moreover, the 3,000 persons who live in this area would eventually be rendered homeless.

19 MARCH 1974
On 19 March at 7.30 in the morning, Israeli artillery once more launched an attack, shelling the village of Durbol, which is heavily populated and is situated behind the Syrian defence lines. Neither in the village nor in its environs is there any military or defence establishment or centre. During the shelling, a number of innocent civilians were killed or wounded. Several houses were destroyed. A United Nations observation post was damaged and two UNTSO observers were wounded — a Finnish captain, Arto Koivula, and a Danish captain, Flaming Nilson. In addition, a Syrian liaison officer was wounded.

26 MARCH 1974
On 26 March at 1130 rounds of artillery and rocket fire exploded at the northern outskirts and central area of the village of El Harra. They also stated that the shelling destroyed a cafe in the northern outskirts of the village, killing seven men and two women, and damaged a house in the same area, killing two children. Another house in the village was damaged by an unexploded rocket which they said had later been removed by military engineers.

6 APRIL 1974
On 6 April, between 0745 and 1810 hours, Israeli forces opened artillery fire, from 23 different positions. The Israeli air forces unleashed three raids against the Syrian defence positions, two of which took place before noon and one in the afternoon. The villages of Durbol and Amah were exposed to Israeli artillery fire between 0915 and 1045 hours, resulting in the destruction of several houses. Several shells fell very close to United Nations observer posts.

8 APRIL 1974
On 8 April, at about 0935 hours, Israeli forces opened artillery fire against the zone in which United Nations Observation Post No. 38 is situated, with the following results: the Post was hit by several shells; the Syrian Liaison officer was seriously wounded; a living-quarter trailer and a United Nations vehicle were destroyed. As the Observation Post was clearly visible to the naked eye from the Israeli positions, and as the nearest Syrian military position was situated at a distance of 900 metres, the shelling of the Observation Post shows that the Israeli fire was deliberate and intentional.

12/13 APRIL 1974
During the night of 12 to 13 April Israel forces commandos infiltrated into Lebanese territory and completely demolished a number of houses in the villages of Ed Dhaira (two houses), 1 Yarine (four houses), Ett Taibe (twelve houses and one water pump), Mhaibib (two houses), Blida (one house) and Aitaroun (four houses). They also caused an unknown (at the , time of the complaint) number of deaths and kidnapped à several persons into Israel.

12/13 APRIL 1974
Artillery fire coming from Israel territory fell in the vicinity of Abou Qamha, El Khuerbe, Chebaa, Mimes, Kfar Ez Zait and El Khaloua. Material damage was reported and 200 goats killed.

13 APRIL 1974
A complaint has been received from Syria alleging that on 13 April at approximately 1425 Israel forces opened artillery fire on the Syrian village of Saassa causing injuries to five civilians in the village. The Syrian authorities requested that UNTSO conduct an inquiry on the alleged shelling.

The Chief of Staff of UNTSO authorized an inquiry which was conducted on 13 April 1974, and has submitted the following summary of inquiry:

"1. Two United Nations military observers visited the region, interviewed witnesses and examined the evidence presented to them. The military observers were accompanied by a Syrian liaison officer.

"2. Witnesses in the area stated that one round of artillery fire had impacted the centre of the village square at approximately 1230 on 12 April wounding five children and causing damage to the shops and houses surrounding the square.

"3. The military observers found that a 105 mm artillery shell had impacted the village square. Broken glass, shrapnel holes and wall scars were observed in the buildings surrounding the square. One seriously wounded child was seen in the local hospital.

"4. Based on the above inquiry the Syrian complaint is confirmed in so far as artillery damage was observed in the village of Saasa and one child was wounded."

17 APRIL 1974
On 17 April at approximately 1100 Israel forces opened artillery fire on the village of Arne. Several rounds of artillery fire impacted in the middle of the village destroying a school and a civilian vehicle.

18 APRIL 1974
On 18 April at approximately 1430 Israel forces artillery fire and aircraft rockets impacted in the village of Qalaat Jendal destroying three houses and wounding eight civilians.

18 APRIL 1974
On 18 April 1974 at approximately 1630 hours (local time), Israeli air forces launched a missile attack on the village of Qalaat Jendal. Israeli artillery shelled the same village at the same time. Eight civilians were wounded and three houses were destroyed in the shelling.

25 APRIL 1974
On 25 April at approximately 1420 Israel forces artillery fire and aircraft rockets impacted in the village of Qalaat Jendal destroying three houses and wounding eight civilians.

27 APRIL 1974
On 27 April 1974, at about 1420 hours (local time), Israeli military positions bombarded the region of the village of Rime and the village of Durbol itself. One civilian was seriously wounded as a result of the Israeli aggression.

30 APRIL 1974
On 30 April: Between 1230 and 1530 intermittent artillery fire from israel territory fell in the vicinity of Naqoura, 2 kilometres north-east of El Majidiye, Rachaiya El Foukhar, and El Hebbariye, causing injury to a Lebanese soldier and also material damage.

2 MAY 1974
Between 1403 and 2055 intermittent artillery and automatic weapons fire from Israel territory and rockets launched from Israel forces aircraft fell in the vicinity of Naqoura, Ramiye, Qaouzah, Rmaich, Yaroun, Meiss Ej Jabal, Mhaibib, Ebel Es Saki, Kfar Chouba, Rachaiya El FOukhar, Tell Sneiber , Chebaa, Chouaiya and Mimes, injuring four military personnel and two civilians, killing 15 goats and causing material damage.

13 MAY 1974
Inquiry, which was requested only for the village of Kfar Ez Zait, took place on 13 May between 1420 and 1530 in that village. A representative of the Senior Lebanese Delegate accompanied the inquiry team.

The United Nations military observers conducting the inquiry interviewed witnesses and examined the evidence presented to them. The witnesses stated that on 13 May between 0345 and 0355 Israel forces aircraft attacked the village with bombs. They also stated that the attack had resulted in four persons being killed and six wounded.

The military observers saw five bomb craters approximately 500 metres from the village near a bridge. They also saw one house had collapsed as a result of a bomb explosions and several adjacent houses had been damaged. One boy was seen with shrapnel wounds and in a state of shock. Four fresh graves were observed.

13 MAY 1974
On 13 May, Israeli artillery bombarded the Damscus- Deraa-Amman road. That act of aggression killed one girl and seriously wounded several civilians.

15 MAY 1974
On 15 May, Israeli artillery shelled the villages of Mabay, severely wounding two children.

16 MAY 1974
On 16 May 1974 several formations of the Israeli Air Force attacked in two major raids several Lebanese towns, villages and Palestinian refugee camps run by the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees, situated in the areas of Al-Nabatieh, Ain Al-Helweh near Sidon, Rachaya Al-Foukhar, Al-Koraybi, Mahrounnah and Maaroufieh, situated near Beirut.

The attack took place between the hours of 16 15 and 1830. The planes bombed and strafed several populated and defenceless locations, raining death and destruction. It has not been possible until now to determine the final count of casualties and the extent of the damage. However, it is known that the number of persons killed is over 40 and that of the wounded over 180. Forty-one houses occupied by Lebanese civilians were destroyed, and 21 damaged.

The refugee camps at Ain Al-Helweh and especially at Al-Nabatieh have suffered extensive and devastating damage. The majority of the refugees have become homeless and without shelter. Telephone and electric wires and other civilian installations were destroyed. Two cars belonging to the Palestinian Red Crescent were hit. There are still many missing persons. Rescue teams are still searching in the debris for victims. It is not known yet how many killed or injured may still be lying there.

16 MAY 1974
On 16 May, Israeli artillery shelled the villages of Baqeesam and Beyt-Tyma, killing one civilian citizen, wounding several others and destroying a number of houses.

19 MAY 1974
Inquiry took place on 20 May between 0750 and 0835 in the former refugee camp on the outskirts of the village of Rachidiye. The United Nations military observers conducting the inquiry interviewed witnesses and examined the evidence presented to them.

The witnesses stated that on 19 May between 1200 and 1245 four Israel warships fired on the camp. They also stated that 7 persons were killed and 35 wounded.

The United Nations military observers saw 15 houses badly damaged or destroyed. Shrapnel fragments were seen in the vicinity of the houses. Bloodstains were seen in a house where witnesses stated two persons had been killed.

21 MAY 1974
Between 1430 and 1445 the village of Ain Qenia and its surroundings were subjected to rocket and bombs by two Israel forces jet aircraft, causing death to three Lebanese children and injury to 33 others, the blasting and destruction of several houses and other material damage.

23 MAY 1974
Inquiry took place from 0630 to 0715 on 27 May in the village of Bqaassem. A representative of the Senior Syrian Arab Delegate accompanied the inquiry team.

The military observers conducting the inquiry interviewed witnesses and examined the evidence presented to them.

Witnesses in the area stated that the village had been shelled on 23 May, resulting in the wounding of villagers and damage to houses. Six villagers who had apparently been wounded by shell fragments were interviewed. They stated that they had been wounded by artillery fire that fell in the village on 23 May. The military observers saw several houses that had been damaged by recent shelling. They also observed shell craters and fragments from recent shelling.

28 MAY 1974
Inquiry took place on 30 May from 1005 to 1100 in the village of Kfar Haour. A representative of the Senior Syrian Arab Delegate accompanied the inquiry team.

The United Nations military observers conducting the inquiry interviewed witnesses and examined the evidence presented to them.

The witnesses in the area stated that at approximately 0900 on 28 May the village was shelled by artillery, resulting in injuries to five civilians in an underground shelter in the village. They also stated that at approximately 1020 on the same day a farm storehouse had been damaged by artillery shelling. One female villager with minor wounds on her head, face and arm stated that she had been wounded by a shell explosion at approximately 0900 on 28 May. The other persons alleged to have been wounded were not available for interview.

The military observers saw an underground shelter and a farm storehouse apparently damaged by artillery shelling. Artillery craters and fragments were observed in the area. Based on the results of the above inquiry, the complaint is confirmed in so far as the shelling of the village, the wounding of one civilian and damage to two structures in the village are concerned.

19 JUNE 1974
On 19 June 1974, following the withdrawal of the Israeli forces from the village of Hadhar, a detachment of the Israeli army returned to the village and seized three Syrian citizens, namely, Yasyn Hasan, Farhan Hassoun and Nouredden Hassoun. The operation, while being carried out, was witnessed by the United Nations Disengagement Observer Force (UNDOF). All of the detained Syrian citizens are up to now being held by Israel.

20 JUNE 1974
On 20 June between 0830 and 0840 and between 0920 and 0935, Israel forces aircraft attacked with rockets and bombs the following three camps: Rachidiye (4 kilometres south of Sour), Borjech Chemali (3 kilometres east of Sour) and Ain El Hiloue (in the region of Saida). Several persons were reported killed or wounded. Destruction of several buildings by blasts and various damage were also reported.

8 JULY 1974
On Monday, 8 July 1974, at 2245 hours (Beirut time), Israeli naval forces attacked the commercial ports of Sour (Tyre) and Sarafand, destroying 29 fishing boats.

9 JULY 1974
On Tuesday, 9 July, at 0009 hours (Beirut time), Israeli Naval forces attacked the commercial port of Saida (Sidon), wounding one civilian and destroying 10 fishing boats.

18 JULY 1974
On 18 July between 2 1 10 and 2 130 Israel forces penetrated into Lebanese territory in Boustane village, exploded three houses with dynamite and kidnapped two Lebanese from the village.

16 AUGUST 1974
On the morning of 16 August 1974 (local time), a detachment of Israeli soldiers crossed the disengagement line at the district of Majdal Shams, and detained Mr. Hayel Abou Saleh, a Syrian who works as a civil guard. The incident, which obviously constitutes a serious and flagrant violation of the Agreement on Disengagement between Israeli and Syrian Forces signed in Geneva on 31 May 1974, was witnessed by the United Nations Disengagement Observer Force (UNDOF).

1 SEPTEMBER 1974
On 1 September an Israel forces patrol entered the village of Aita Ech Chaab and abducted a Lebanese citizen from the village.

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